Upgrading of transportation system is the key to building smart city

date: 2018-08-22
Times of browsing: 130

The key elements of the future smart city construction must include a smart and efficient transportation system. As most governments have financial difficulties, upgrading and upgrading the existing transport system is the most likely choice for the government to build a smart city.



Ticket system upgrade

London is currently working on new trains and signal-control systems to expand its metro capacity, which suggests the city's passenger system is at a bottleneck.

Cubic is focusing on the research of an automatic ticket gate system, which can use the infrared sensor mounted on the top of the gate to count the crowd flow, automatically evaluate the passenger flow in and out of the station, and automatically configure the ticket entry channel to reduce station congestion.The company is also working hard to monitor the passenger flow inside the subway, transmitting the information to the control center, and finally publishing the passenger flow status inside the subway carriage, guiding the passengers on the platform to gather in empty carriages, so as to balance the passenger flow of the subway train.

The mobility of people in public areas is the main factor to improve the efficiency of the whole transportation hub.

For example, stopping to read a map and learn about navigation at a station can slow down crowds or even lead to queues.Cubic USES face recognition technology to monitor the personnel in the region, and automatically analyzes the factors of slow movement of people. It is found that the queuing phenomenon generated when passengers check in tickets is one of the biggest factors influencing slow movement of passenger flow.

The latest low-power bluetooth (BLE) system developed by Cubic will combine face recognition technology and connect the biometric database through activating bluetooth and RFID technology, so that passengers can be quickly identified. The background system will also automatically calculate passengers' travel expenses according to the recognition information.

The system is currently being piloted in Paddington, one of Britain's busiest train stations, where passenger throughput has increased from an average of 25 a minute to 50 a minute, dramatically increasing turnover.

Of course, if face recognition determines that the individual passenger is not registered for the service, the passenger will be unable to pass, and the system will automatically record events such as the inability to recognize faces and create event reports of time, date and place.As database information grows, repeat ticket evaders' information will be locked down, and once an individual is identified, the transportation operations department can resort to fines or prosecution to recover the loss.

Like other transport systems, the London underground offers passengers A variety of options to go from A to B.Studies have shown that passengers tend to plan their trips using the route shown on a map, even if it's not the quickest and most logical.To improve the situation, Cubic is working on an interactive map with a 65-inch touchscreen.As long as the user selects the destination, the map presents the most convenient route map based on the current location and automatically generates QR codes to be transmitted to the user's smartphone.

New energy bus and charging network

Buses are the center of gravity of most urban public transport systems.However, most of the city's buses are driven by diesel, and the increasing traffic congestion also aggravates the emission of exhaust, which directly leads to urban air pollution.

Electric buses are currently the most viable solution, but their range of operation will also be limited by the power supply.

To counter this, ABB has recently introduced an OppCharge charging mode that can charge the battery pack on Volvo cars' latest 7900 electric bus in six minutes, extending the bus's travel line by up to 30 kilometers.When the bus is close to the mast and the wi-fi connection is confirmed, the on-board control system automatically lowers the bow to the top of the car's charging rail for charging.Metroshuttle 2, a Metroshuttle bus service based in greater Manchester, England, is testing the charging mode. It runs for about 45 minutes on the 11.5-kilometer route, which USES only one OppCharge, and runs for 12 hours a day.

Volvo cars has calculated that electric buses generate 90 per cent less noise than diesel-powered buses.For nighttime operations, noise reduction may also be one of Tesla's advantages in rolling out electric trucks.The company says electric trucks can travel at high speeds for up to 800 kilometers without a significant payload weight, and are 20 percent cheaper to run than diesel.

The transportation system of the future smart city needs to be smart 24/7, hour by hour, even as it is being rebuilt.Singapore's bus system is one such example, with the country's third largest bus stop needing a three-year redevelopment project during which it temporarily set up a transit station in the wulan region to serve 400,000 passengers a day.

Although the temporary transfer station only has 10 fixed berths and 51 flexible berths, the operation efficiency is still very high.This is largely dependent on Nedap's smart parking platform, which has a large electronic display installed at the entrance of the transfer point, providing bus drivers with real-time information about available parking Spaces and parking guidance.At the same time, the platform can monitor the vehicle queuing situation in real time through the connection of the camera in the field, and feed the data back to the dispatcher to adjust the bus arrival time.

Future road transportation will use a variety of fuel energy solutions, including diesel, gasoline, hydrogen fuel, battery, electricity, natural gas, etc. In rural areas, fossil fuel may remain important for a long time, but urban transportation is more inclined to use the cleanest and most environmentally-friendly solutions.

With this trend, energy companies like Shell group will be in trouble. Where will their fuel resources be used?"There is no substitution between the two," says Stuart Blyde, head of future connected cars. "it will be a combination of energy and information.We will closely monitor the market and product equipment manufacturers and adjust our products as needed. ""Shell group is currently developing and testing new transportation service businesses, such as the Tap Up service in the Netherlands, which is sent by the company to refuel the vehicles that need to be refueled, to improve user experience satisfaction.

TransPod, a Canadian company, says it is exploring partnerships with the UK's London and German governments and companies to build a network of 400 hydrogen refuelling stations.TransPod's fueling station and netlink automotive program aims to simplify the refueling process for a vehicle by geotargeting, which means drivers can automatically deduct the cost by entering a pump number and account password.In addition to boosting speed, Stuart Blyde said the families surveyed were supportive of the plan because they did not have to leave their children in the car to pay for going to the counter.

Looking ahead to the mobile sharing era, Stuart Blyde believes that account flexibility is very important.Because the driver himself does not necessarily own the car, may also be the owner's employee, most of the time does not want to use their own pocket money to pay for the gas.The EuroShell card launched by Shell group has been used to pay for other goods and services, including fuel fees and tolls, and will continue to be extended to other information-based products in the future.

Superpipeline train

Intercity travel is still an important factor in future transportation.Canada is studying a high-speed channel between Toronto and Windsor, and TransPod has launched a super-high-speed rail project here, with 27 people and 10-15 ton carriages, running at speeds of more than 1,200km /h.Once the project lands, the journey from Toronto to Windsor will be completed in 45 minutes.

The high-speed trains work best over long intercity distances, but they hope to also run downtown.They plan to use the urban road network to make connections, with trains running between 80s, which means up to 45 times an hour, or 14 million people a year, under the efficient system.

The Ontario government conducted a cost assessment for the super high-speed rail projects in Toronto and Windsor.The report notes that the cost of building a "conventional" high-speed rail has several measures: a speed of 300km/h, or about $55000000 /km;The speed is 250km/h, or about $4300,000 /km.The hyperspeed train studied by TransPod has an estimated initial cost of about $23m /km, including infrastructure services along the whole stretch.

A 4m-diameter steel tube placed on a 5-metre column every 25m would reduce the additional infrastructure costs of "conventional" high-speed rail.Unlike conventional high-speed rail, pipeline train design is limited to 3.5 percent climb, and the height of the pillars can be adjusted according to actual demand and to minimize base costs.The existing road has both construction and maintenance functions. Along the pipeline, a substation is set for every 5km, and four emergency exits are set for every 1.2km, which are placed between the traffic lanes.

TransPod says the superspeed system produces a negative carbon footprint, and the solar panels on the top of the pipe will generate more power than the train in a year and eventually supply to the utility.

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